Dr. Hariharan Srinivasan

Dr. Hariharan Srinivasan MBBS., FRCS(Edin.), FRCS(Eng.) (born 1929)

is an Indian orthopaedic surgeon who spent most of his career correcting the deformed hands and feet of leprosy-affected persons. He retired from active work in 2008.

Srinivasan was born on September 7, 1929 at Vellore, South India. His father, Dr V Hariharan, was a popular medical practitioner who practiced at Arni, a small town near Vellore, the only practitioner of modern medicine for many years for many miles around,.

He had his Elementary and Middle School education at Vellore and completed his High School in the District Board High School at Arni. He studied at Madras Christian College, Tambaram. receiving the "Chinnaswami Pillai Prize” for proficiency in Tamil. He joined the Madras Medical College for his basic Medical Course and took his MBBS degree in 1952. He received the "Bradfield Memorial Prize" for combined proficiency in Anatomy and Surgery from the Madras University in 1952.

He worked in Christian Medical College, Vellore during 1953-54 as tutor of Anatomy, and then proceeded to England in 1954 for further study. He got his FRCS (Edinburgh) in 1957 and FRCS (England) in1958. From 1954 to 1958 he worked in Hospitals in Birmingham, North Wales and London in different capacities such as House Surgeon, Senior House Surgeon, Registrar and Locum Consultant. During his stay in London he met Dr.M.N.Padma, a Pediatrician from Mysore, doing her post graduation in child health and they got married in 1957 in London. She was the youngest sister of Prof. M.N.Srinivas, one of the most distinguished sociologists of India.

On his return to India in 1959, Dr.Srinivasan joined Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore as Reader in Orthopedic Surgery and worked as Hon. Surgeon (Orthopedic Surgery) in Government Wenlock Hospital, Mangalore, Karnataka.

He started operating on some leprosy patients while working there and got interested in the problem of deformities in leprosy. This combined with his interest in hand surgery and clinical research plus some idealism made him join as full-time orthopaedic surgeon in Central Leprosy Teaching and Research Institute (CLT&RI;) at Chingleput, near Madras (now Chennai) , in 1962. He spent the next twenty-two years there establishing and developing a highly reputed surgical department. It was here that Dr.Srinivasan carried out his research on various aspects of deformities occurring in leprosy patients and developed reconstructive surgical techniques and made a name as distinguished scientist in this field. Some of the surgical procedures introduced by him for the correction of these deformities are widely used in India and many Countries abroad.

He served CLT&RI;, Chingleput for 22 years from 1962 to 1984 in various capacities such as Orthopedic Surgeon / Senior Orthopedic Surgeon / Deputy Director (Surgery) and Director-in-charge of the Institute. After retirement from CLT&RI;, He worked as Research Consultant, Portland Hand Surgery & Rehabilitation Centre, Portland (OR), USA for about two and a half years, from 1984-1986, organizing a comprehensive research program on carpal tunnel syndrome.

He joined in 1987 as Director, Central JALMA Institute for Leprosy (ICMR), Agra, India (1987-1990). During his tenure he opened up the Institute for PhD students and actively promoted academic interaction between the scientists of JALMA and those abroad. His dedication and sincerity has been a source of inspiration to many research scientists in that institution. He has conducted a number of hands-on surgical workshops sponsored by the World Health Organization, on “Reconstructive Surgery in Leprosy” for Professors and Readers of Orthopedic / Plastic surgery from medical colleges in India, training in all about 100 surgeons.

Dr Srinivasan was selected to take over the Editorship of “Indian Journal of Leprosy” from Dr Dharmendra, the doyen among Indian leprologists, in 1990 and he continued to edit that journal for the next 12 years, till June 2001. He has been a member of the Panel of experts in Leprosy of the World Health Organization (WHO) since 1985 and was invited by the WHO to be a member of its Sixth Expert Committee Meeting in 1987 and the Seventh Expert Committee Meeting in 1997

He has presented papers / participated and chaired sessions in National and International conferences / seminars on subjects related to Leprosy and Hand Surgery, in India and also elsewhere: Brazil, Ethiopia, South Africa and Myanmar. He has published more than 90 papers in Indian and foreign Medical Journals.

He has authored three Books, two commissioned and the third sponsored by the WHO, which are considered bench-mark reference material for leprosy workers. He has also contributed chapters in over ten text books of Leprosy, General surgery, Dermatology, Hand Surgery and Orthopedic Surgery. His talent as artist has been used in illustrating the books authored / co-authored by him, and also extensively used in some other medical text books. He has been President of the Indian Association of Leprologists, a founder member and President of the Indian Society for surgery of the Hand.

Tamil Literature has always been his passion. His maternal grandfather, K. Krishna Iyer of Vellore, was a highly respected Tamil scholar and an acknowledged exponent of Saiva Sidhdhantha Philosophy. So also was his uncle Prof. Krishna Sivaraman who served as Professor of Saiva Sidhdhantha in Banaras Hindu University and MacMaster University, Canada. Dr. Srinivasan himself is a writer in Tamil and has written novellas, short stories and poetry (in vers libre), published in Tamil literary magazines and some of them have been included in Anthologies of Tamil short stories (in Tamil, Hindi & English). One of his short stories was selected as “Best short story of the year” in 1971 by a Tamil Literary Forum. A collection of his short stories have been brought out in book form. In the Tamil literary field he is known by his pseudonym “Charvakan”.

Srinivasan has received numerous awards and honours during his career, including “Padma Shri” award from President of India (1984). He was honoured by the Indian Council of Medical Research with the “JALMA Trust Fund Oration Award” (1979) and the Indian Orthopaedic Association conferred on him the Honorary Fellowship of the Association in 2003. He received the “International Gandhi Award” in 2004 and was conferred “Doctor of Science (Honoris Causa)” by The Medical University of Tamil Nadu also in 2004. The International Federation of Societies for Surgery of the Hand honoured Dr. Srinivasan with the award of “Pioneer of Hand Surgery” in 2007.

Awards, Honours and other Distinctions

1946 “Chinnaswami Pillai Prize” for proficiency in Tamil, Madras Christian College, Tambaram, Madras.

1952 “Bradfield Memorial Prize”, for combined proficiency in Anatomy and Surgery , by University of Madras / Madras Medical College.

1973 Founder member of “Indian Society for Surgery of the Hand” (ISSH)

1975 Best Junior Speaker Medal of ISSH at its Annual Conference at Kolkata.

1978 “A.A.Mehta Memorial Gold Medal” of Indian Orthopaedic Association atits Annual Conference, at Guwahati, December, 1978.

1979-1980. President, Indian Society for Surgery of the Hand.

1979 “JALMA Trust Fund Oration Award”, by ICMR, First recipient. 1983 Member, Discussion Panel of IFSSH, at Boston, USA.

1984 “ Padma Shri ” by the President of India.

1987 Member, Panel of experts on Leprosy, WHO (till date).

1987 Member, Sixth WHO expert committee on Leprosy.

1988-1990 President Indian Association of Leprologists.

1992-1998 Vice Chairman, Gandhi Memorial Leprosy Foundation.

1993 19th Kellersberger Memorial Lecturer , Ethiopian Medical Association, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

1993 State-of-the-Art Lecturer, 14th International Congress of Leprosy,

1993 at Orlando FL, USA. 1995-1998 Member, New York Academy of Sciences, New York, USA.

1997 Member, Seventh WHO Experts Committee on Leprosy.

1997, Guest Lecturer, 8th Annual Conference of Leprosy Associations of South American Countries, at Foz de Iguazu, Brazil.

1999 Resource person (invited), along with Dr. Paul Brand, Workshop on “Paralytic hand” Hong Kong Society for Surgery of the Hand.

2001 State-of-the-Art Lecturer, Golden Jubilee Conference of Indian Association of Leprologists, at Patna, India.

2002 Chairperson, Session on “Social rehabilitation and Surgery” 16th International Leprosy Congress, 4-9 August 2002, Salvador, Brazil.

2002 Member, Discussion Panel, on “Prevention of disability and rehabilitation 16th International Leprosy Congress, Salvador, Brazil.

2003 Nominated as Honorary Fellow of Indian Orthopaedic Association, at its Annual Conference, at Ahmadabad. 2003 Delivered “Prof. R. Venkataswami Oration” at the 27th Annual Conference Of The Indian Society for Surgery of the Hand, at Bangalore.

2004 International Gandhi Award - 2004 at the hand of the Vice-President of India, on February 5, 2004.

2004 Doctor Science (Honoris Causa) conferred by the MGR Medical University Of Tamil Nadu, Chennai on June 25, 2004.

2005 State-of-the-Art Lecturer, on Prevention of Disability, at the First African Leprosy Congress (January 31 - February 3, 2005) at Johannesburg Republic of South Africa.

2005 Guest Lecturer, National Workshop on “Prevention of Disability in Leprosy” At Yangon, Myanmar , March, 2005. 2007 “Pioneer of Hand Surgery” , by the International Federation of Societies for Surgery of the Hand, at 10th Congress of IFSSH at Sydney, Australia. On March 11, 2007.

2007 Delivered “Prof. Sam C. Bose Oration” at Madurai Medical College. Books authored by Dr.H.Srinivasan and published by World Health Organization, Geneva. Prevention of Disabilities in patients with Leprosy : A Practical Guide. Essential Surgery in Leprosy - Techniques for District Hospitals - Dr. H.Srinivasan and Dr. D.D.Palande. Atlas of surgical procedures commonly used in leprosy'

Contributed chapters by Dr. H.Srinivasan in the following books and a few others.

  • >> Mahadevan’s Textbook of Surgery
  • >> Dharmendra’s Leprosy, Vol. 1
  • >> Hastings’ Leprosy, Edn.2
  • >> IADVL Textbook and Atlas of Dermatology .Edns. 1, 2 & 3
  • >> Textbook of Orthopaedics and Trauma published by Indian Orthopaedic Association, Edns 1 & 2
  • >> Apley’s System of Orthopaedics 10th Edn. Ed. By Louis Solomon
  • >> Schwartz & Brandsma’s Reconstructive Surgery in Leprosy

Hall of Fame posts

(1880 - 1936) President - Madras, 1927

The ancestors of Mukhtar Ahmad Ansari came to India during the reign of Sultan Muhammad Bin Tughlaq.

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An alumnus of Madras Medical College, he realised his leaning towards surgery even during his student days "I always felt I wanted to become as surgeon".

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he enrolled in the very first batch at the Dental Department of the Madras Medical College in 1953

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Chairman and Chief of Diabetology at Dr. Mohan’s Diabetes Specialities Centre

and President & Director of the Madras Diabetes Research Foundation has been conferred the Padma Shri by the Govt. of India.

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August 16, 1929 to July 12, 1998

Started medical education at Lahore Medical College, Lahore. After partition, he continued medical educaton in Madras Medical College,Madras, and completed MB BS in 1952.

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He chose healing as his metier and went on to graduate in medicine.

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(1.03.1927 – 5.12.2012)

Dr. Joseph, who completed MBBS in Madras Medical College in 1950.

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Padmashri Dr Kadiyala Ramachandra , MD , born on November 6th 1919, was an alumnus of Doveton Corrie Boys School, Loyola College and Madras Medical College.

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(15.11.1917 - 28.10.2002)

Born in Tellicherry (Kerala), and alumni of Madras Medical College ,he was commissioned in the IMS on 5th November 1941

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Alumni Association of Madras Medical College